Baseball, baseball, or baseball, is a team-racing sport, widespread in America and Asia. Available sources attribute its creation to the American Abner Doubleday, but more severe references indicate that it is a sport of very Ancient Origins. Its name is a spatialization of the term base-ball, which means “”Ball-base.””
Baseball, at the international level, it is regulated by the International Federation of Baseball (IBAF: International Baseball Association), which was created in 1938, and whose headquarters is in Lausanne, Switzerland. This body has undergone several name changes, mergers, and restructurings. Its present structure dates from 1973.
The goal of the game is to accumulate more points than the opposing team at the end of a series of shifts. Each game turn is called input, and consists of two phases: In the first phase (upper part) a team plays the offensive, trying to score points; and in the second phase (lower part) the teams reverse the roles. Every aspect of baseball is called Career.
The game consists of 9 innings, and the team that scores the most runs, in the end, will be the winner. If both sides are tied at the end of the nine innings, extra innings continue to be played until one team overcomes the other. On some occasions, this makes the games very long; and for this they have imposed various solutions: to leave the game in a tie, and if the championship subsequently depends on that result, to play it again. Or the game is interrupted to continue another time, with the same score.
How to score points
The baseball field is essentially a square called Diamond. At the center of the diamond is placed a defensive team player, named pitcher or pitcher. One of the diamond corners has a distinctive mark on the ground called home, or home plate. On one side of the house is placed a team player on the offensive: the batter.
The pitcher throws a ball at home, and the hitter tries to hit it with a wooden or metal club called bat, or bat. The hit must attempt to get the ball to a valid field area, without the other team’s players being able to catch it.
After batting in this way, the batsman releases the bat and will attempt to tour the perimeter of the diamond, base by base. If you manage to travel and get back home, your team will be credited with a race. Defensive team players are distributed in the field trying to prevent this target.
Baseball is played on a field that must be covered in grass. The diamond is delimited as a grass-free path, which is traversed in a square of 90 feet (27 m) in length, which is marked with a line drawn in lime. In the corner where the batter is located, there is a pentagonal plate called home plate. On the other holes, cushioned boxes called bases are placed, which are listed counterclockwise, from the first to the third. In that sense, a player must go through the offensive when he tries to score a race.
Liter a diamond line that goes from home to first base, and the one that goes from house to third base, extend 320 feet from home, giving the field additional space behind the stations. That space beyond the bases is called outfield (also called gardens), while the diamond area is called infield.
The outfield and infield constitute the temperate zone, while the rest of the field is considered foul.
Number of players
Nine players per team. When the unit is on the offensive, each of the players receives a consecutive opportunity to hit and then score a run through the bases.
Defensive team players are located in the field, namely:
- The launcher, which is located in the center of the diamond to carry out the launches from a slightly elevated area, which is called a mound.
- The catcher or receiver is located behind the home to receive the pitches that the batter fails, and for other plays that require it.
- One player on each base, designated by the name of the holding base, first, second, and third base.
- Between second and third base, an additional player named shortstop.
- Three players in the extensive area called outfield: the outfielders or gardeners. They are designated as left, central and right, seen from the perspective of the batter, or catcher.